Recent Publications from Amnesty International
AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL HANDBOOK
A Basic reference manual for AI members and individuals
interested in group work, campaigns, policies, working rules and
the structure of the organization.
AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL REPORT 1995
A Comprehensive Report On Human Rights Violations Around The
World, available in English, Spanish, French, and Arabic.
Here are some excerpts:
"Governments worldwide committed gross human rights
violations in 1994, putting prisoners of conscience behind bars,
torturing people into confessions, and trying to silence their
critics through 'disappearances' and extrajudicial
"Despite government commitments to human rights made
at the 1993 United Nations World Conference on Human Rights, the
Amnesty International Report 1995 shows the reality of state
agents in 151 countries continuing to violate those rights,
often with impunity."
"In the run up to the first United Nation's
Conference on Women for a decade -- to be held this September in
Beijing -- Amnesty International's report also highlights the
extent to which women continue to be targeted for state
SPECIAL AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL
Breaking the Silence
Gays, Lesbians and bisexuals in parts of the world live in
constant fear of government persecution- afraid that their
private acts of love and public acts of courage will be punished
by governments in secret torture chambers, at clandestine safe
houses, and on midnight raids. Many live in constant fear that
lives lived on both sides of closet doors will be snuffed out
behind the closed doors of government repression. In this report,
AI breaks the silence that has surrounded the persecution of
people because of their sexual orientation -- silence that has
allowed governments to kill, torture and detain arbitrarily-and
suggests steps towards a different future.
Children, the Youngest Victims
Compilation of AI documents and articles concerning human rights
abuses of children.
Index ACT 76/01/90
Getting away with Murder
Every day, governments are killing defenseless people or making
the "disappear." Some victims are singled out for their political
views, their ethnic origin or their social class. Others are
silenced for protesting against such abuses. This report exposes
the official lies, cover-ups, and covert methods of repression
used to conceal human rights crimes and avoid international
condemnation. It describes the human consequences of the use of
terror by governments and armed political groups to achieve
Conspiracy of Terror
Summary of above report.
HUMAN RIGHTS NOW! CONCERT BOOK
The official book of Amnesty International's 1988 Human Rights Now!
world concert tour captures the excitement and the message of the six
week, five-continent tour. Includes 200 color photographs of tour
artists Bruce Springsteen, Tracy Chapman, Sting, Peter Gabriel and
Youssou N'Dour -- backstage, onstage and interacting with human rights
activists and local fans.
REFUGEES / Reasonable Fear: United States
Refugee Policy: Bias and Restrictionism in U.S. Practices Toward
Includes an introduction to AI's work on behalf of refugees worldwide;
historical background to refugee protection in the U.S.; the need for
the U.S to conform domestic refugee law to international obligations
and standards; the nationalities most adversely affected.
First issued 1990
TORTURE IN THE EIGHTIES
This major report by Amnesty International presents detailed evidence
of systematic torture during interrogation in counties throughout the
world. Covering a wide range of methods including electric shock,
beatings and mock executions, it analyzes the conditions under which
torture takes place and spells out a global program for its abolition.
(also available in Spanish)
THE UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS
More than 20 original watercolors by the internationally renowned
Belgian artist Jean-Michel Folon illustrate the articles of the
Universal Declaration of Human Rights. The book is as much a work of
art as a human rights education tool. The text appears in the six
official languages of the United Nations: French, Spanish, Arabic,
English, Russian and Chinese.
THE DECLARATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS:
AN ADAPTATION FOR CHILDREN
A new book to familiarize children with the Declaration of Human
Rights, issued by United National Publications in celebration of the
41st anniversary of the signing of the Declaration. Contains
beautiful 4-color illustrations, soft cover.
VOICES FOR FREEDOM
Spanning two and a half decades of contemporary history and sketching
a remarkable portrait of human rights in dozens of countries, Voices
for Freedom reflects the work of Amnesty International and the lives
of the people it has sought to protect. Richly illustrated with
First issued in 1986.
AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL COUNTRY REPORTS
Algeria: Deteriorating Human Rights under a State of Emergency
AI is concerned that human rights violations arising in the
context of the state of emergency, in force in Algeria since
February 1992, are becoming increasingly institutionalized and
that unless immediate action is taken, the human rights situation
will continue to deteriorate.
Angola: An Appeal for Prompt Action to Protect Human Rights
The human rights situation since May 1991, and appeals to the
Angolan Government and UNITA, to reaffirm their commitment to
upholding fundamental rights and freedoms, to cooperate within the
mechanisms set up under the Peace Accords to investigate and
remedy human rights abuses.
Australia: A Criminal Justice System Weighted Against Aboriginal
Following a visit of Al representatives in April 1992, Al has
expressed concerns regarding conditions in detention facilities
and a criminal justice system which appear to discriminate
against aboriginal people and reinforce their status as a
Azerbaydzhan: Hostages in the Karabakh Conflict: Civilians
Continue to Pay the Price
AI is deeply disturbed by the human rights abuses which have
taken place as a result of the conflict over Karabakh ,an area
in Azerbaydzhan populated mainly by ethnic Armenians. Since 1988
intercommunal violence has escalated into large-scale armed
conflict which reportedly has claimed thousands of lives, many
of whom were noncombatant civilians.
Bangladesh: A Summary of Human Rights Concerns
This paper sets out in detail AI's continuing concerns in
Bangladesh since the fall of the government of President Ershad in
December 1990. It describes AI's disquiet over the wide use of the
government's broad powers of administrative detention to detain
thousands of political prisoners, including prisoners of
Bosnia-Herzgovina: Gross Abuses of Human Rights
Al is deeply disturbed by the huge suffering and destruction
occurring in Bosnia-Herzgovina as a result of the civil war which
broke out in April 1992. AI is particularly concerned about
reports of the detention or "disappearance" of Noncombatants,
extrajudicial killings of unarmed civilians or combatants no
longer taking part in hostilities and the ill-treatment or torture
(including rape) of both noncombatants and combatants.
Bosnia-Herzgovina: Rape and Sexual Abuse by Armed Forces
Al believes that abuses against women, including rape, have been
widespread in the conflict in Bosnia-Herzgovina, that all sides
have committed these abuses, but that Muslim women have been the
chief victims and the main perpetrators have been members of the
Serbian armed forces. In this report, the organization provides
details of a number of cases of sexual abuse based on interviews
conducted by AI and by journalists, women's and human rights
groups working in the region.
Bosnia-Herzgovina: A Wound to the Soul
Deliberate and arbitrary killings, torture and ill-treatment
continue on a horrifying scale and largely by Bosnian Serb forces.
These actions repeat and extend patterns earlier seen which appear
to be aimed at intimidating the civilian populations, most
frequently Muslims, into leaving their home areas or being
compliant when forcibly expelled.
Brazil: "Death has Arrived:" Prison Massacre at the Casa de
Detencio Sao Paulo
On October 2, 1992 a rebellion erupted in the Casa de Detencio
prison in Sao Paulo. Fighting broke out between prisoners who
then seized control of Block 9 of the prison. Shock troops of
the military police stormed the prison to quell the rebellion.
When they withdrew 11 hours later, 111 prisoners were dead. This
report is the result of an on-the-spot investigation by an AI
fact-finding delegation within days of the slaughter.
Brazil: We are the Land: Indigenous Peoples Struggle for
AI is concerned over the persistent failure of successive
governments to protect the fundamental human rights of Brazil's
indigenous peoples. The authorities at all levels have failed to
protect the Indians effectively or to bring to justice those
responsible for killing, abducting, harassing and threatening
them. As a result, human rights abuses continue with impunity.
Burundi: Sectarian Security Forces Violate Human Rights with
AI has for many years been concerned about human rights violations
in Burundi and has repeatedly urged the Burundi authorities to
take steps to prevent future violations. The most conspicuous of
the violations are periodic mass extrajudicial executions which
have been perpetuated against the majority Hutu ethnic group by
members of the security forces. Although the government has made
a commitment to securing human rights, little effort has been
made toward that goal.
Cambodia: Human Rights Concerns: July to December 1992
An AI delegation visited Cambodia in 1992 and gathered information
about recent human rights violations in seven provinces in the
northwest and southeast of the country. This report details the
organizations concerns in the State of Cambodia, the most serious of
which are extrajudicial executions and attempted extrajudicial
executions. Other violations include torture and ill-treatment
of prisoners and harassment of opposition party members.
Chad: Never Again? Killings Continue into the 1990's
With the inception of a new government under Idriss Deby in 1990,
there appeared to be hope for a significant change in the human
rights climate in Chad. However, two years of political
instability and civil war have put the government to the test: it is a
test that they have failed. Instead, the present government has
used much the same method to hold onto power as its
predecessors. What stability the present government enjoys has
been won at an enormous cost to human rights.
Also available in French
Chad: Appeal to Chad's National Conference and Political Leaders for
Action to Protect Human Rights
AI expresses its concern that, despite pledges by the government of President
Idriss Deby when it came to power to bring an end to human rights violations in
Chad, a pattern of gross human rights violations under his regime has emerged.
This report examines extrajudicial executions, human rights violations with
impunity, arbitrary arrest, detention without trial, torture and ill-treatment
China: Torture and Ill-Treatment
This report summarizes AI's concerns about the use of torture in
China and comments on an additional report recently submitted by
the Government of the People's Republic of China to the United
Nations on its implementation of the UN Convention against Torture
and Other Cruel, Inhuman and Degrading Treatment or Punishment.
Evidence documented by Al makes it clear that, despite the report of
the government, torture and ill-treatment in China continue to be
widespread and systematic.
China: Update on Torture
This document summarizes reports of torture and ill-treatment of
prisoners in China which AI has received since it published the
report Torture in China (listed below).
China: Torture in China
This report is about the widespread practice of torture and
ill-treatment in the People's Republic of China. It expresses
the organization's concern at the growing incidence of torture
in Chinese jails in the past ten years and urges the authorities
to take effective measures to protect prisoners against all
torture and ill-treatment. It also outlines some fundamental
measures which it believes are urgently needed to reduce the
incidence of torture in China.
Cuba: Silencing the Voices of Dissent
Al concerns in Cuba are: the short term arrest and harassment of
members of unofficial groups, the imprisonment of prisoners of
conscience, the continued use of the death penalty, allegations of
ill-treatment including some cases of death in detention, and
occasional incidents of apparent unlawful killings by members of
security forces. There are also concerns in all areas is the lack
of practice of judicial safeguards.
Egypt: Grave Human Rights Abuses Amid Political Violence
Against a backdrop of escalating political and sectarian violence,
the human rights situation in Egypt has suffered a serious
deterioration in the last twelve months, characterized by mass
arbitrary arrests, torture, long-term detention, unfair political
trials before military courts resulting in death sentences and
possible extrajudicial executions.
El Salvador: Peace Without Justice
Following the UN-appointed Truth Commission's report on human
rights abuses in El Salvador, the government has made little
effort to respond to the issues raised by the report. In fact, the
sweeping amnesty law inhibits the pursuit of those who perpetuated
gross violations of human rights. This document examines the
report, its aftermath, and suggests methods of properly responding
to the issues raised by the Truth Commission.
Europe: Concerns in Europe November 1992-April 1993
This bulletin contains information about A.I.'s main concerns in
Europe during the period November 1992-April 1993. Only those
countries where there were significant developments in that period
are covered by the bulletin.
FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF
Federal Republic of Yugoslavia: International Monitoring in
Kosovo and Beyond: Appeal to Governments from Secretary General of
Over the last four months the Government of the Federal Republic
of Yugoslavia has repeatedly blocked intergovernmental
initiatives to monitor and protect human rights human rights in
the F.R.Y. This report details an appeal to the international
community to protect human rights in this region.
Georgia: Alleged Human Rights Violations during the conflict
AI has received numerous serious reports that Georgian armed
forces have perpetuated human rights violations against
persons based on their ethnic origin. This report details
arbitrary detention of non-combatants, torture and ill-treatment
of detainees, and extrajudicial executions. A number of possible
prisoners of conscience are being held still, or have
Guatemala: Impunity: A Question of Political Will
The human rights situation in Guatemala, with its continuing
occurrence of extrajudicial executions, "disappearances",
and a dramatic increase in harassment and threats is one of
serious concern to Amnesty International. While the
absolute numbers of human rights violations have decreased since
President Serrano took office, AI is concerned that they are still
occurring, and that the methods used and the victims remain
virtually the same as the past.
Haiti: Human Rights Held Ransom
An AI delegation visited Haiti and obtained evidence that
extrajudicial executions, severe ill-treatment amounting to
torture, and arbitrary and illegal arrests continue unabated
since the September 1991 coup. Lawlessness prevails and
human rights abuse is a part of daily life for most Haitians.
Haitians still live in a permanent state of fear while their
oppressors are free to kill, terrorize, and torture with
impunity, and continue to make money out of their repression.
India: An Unnatural Fate: Disappearances' and Impunity in the
Indian States of Jammu and Kashmir and Punjab
This report is written in an attempt to help those to clarify the
status of hundreds of individuals who have disappeared' in several
Indian states in recent years. AI is also concerned about numerous
other gross human rights violations committed by both government
officials and opposition groups especially in Jammu and Kashmir.
Indonesia: "Shock Therapy" Restoring Order in Aceh 1989-1993
The failure of the Indonesian Government to address the serious
human rights violations situation in Aceh had left past
violations unresolved, and has thereby created a situation
conducive to future abuse, not only in Aceh but in other parts
of Indonesia and in East Timor.
Victims of Human Rights Violations
The human rights situation in the Islamic republic of Iran is
characterized by long-term political imprisonment after
unfair trials, the widespread use of torture and the death
penalty, and possible extrajudicial executions of opposition
activists outside of Iran. This report examines the human rights
situation with respect to Iran.
Iraq: Secret Detention of Kuwaitis and Third-Country
Thousands of Kuwaitis and third-country nationals were
transferred from Kuwait to Iraq by Iraqi forces during the
occupation of Kuwait from August to February of 1991. AI notes
that many of these individuals have yet to be repatriated and
the are concerns about torture, ill-treatment, and deaths in
Japan: Inadequate Protection for Refugees and Asylum Seekers
Even though it is a signatory to the 1951 Convention and 1967
Protocol relating to the Status of refugees, the Japanese
has not fully honored its obligations because it has failed to
ensure that all asylum seekers arriving in Japanese territory
have access to a fair and satisfactory procedure for assessing
the merits of their claims. This report describes the cases
of a number of refugees and asylum seekers in Japan, and analyses
in detail the procedures for determining asylum claims.
Malawi: Preserving the One Party State: Human Rights
Violations & the Referendum
Although the political situation in Malawi has gone through
important developments since March of 1992, a wide range of human
rights violations continue to occur. Many political figures have
been arrested, held, and subjected to torture.
Mexico: The Persistence of Torture with Impunity
This document summarizes AI's-concerns about continuing reports
of torture and ill-treatment in the context of the Mexican
criminal justice system, and about the prevailing impunity for
the perpetrators. This report updates a previous report from Al
entitled Mexico: Torture with Impunity.
MYANMAR (UNION OF)
Myanmar: The Climate of Fear Continues, Members of Ethnic
minorities and Political Prisoners still Targeted
The State Law and Order Restoration Council, Myanmar's military
rulers, continues to commit grave human rights violations against
the Burmese people with impunity. This report expresses AI's
concerns in the period from September 1992 until July 1993.
Myanmar: No Law at all: Human Rights Violations under
Human rights are grossly and persistently violated throughout
Myanmar. Opposition to the ruling military government has been
viciously suppressed. Political activists have been jailed and
tortured following unfair or no trials at all. Civilians are
detained and used as laborers by the military, often being worked
to death. Ethnic minorities are often subjected to gross
violations of their basic human rights.
North Korea: Summary of AI's Concerns
Tens of thousands of people, including prisoners of conscience,
appear to have been detained since the 1960's under various forms
of arbitrary detention in the Democratic People's Republic of
Korea, according to former detainees. Thousands more appear to
have been victims of unacknowledged detention, torture, or summary
Pakistan: Torture, Deaths in Custody and Extrajudicial
Torture, including rape, in the custody of police, the
paramilitary and the armed forces is endemic, widespread, and
systematic in Pakistan. Extrajudicial executions and
disappearances' are also reported to have taken place. Torture is
also used as a standard practice in law enforcement and the
political process. This report examines the human rights
situation in Pakistan and makes recommendations for remediation
of the problem.
Peru: Human Rights since the Suspension of Constitutional
AI is concerned about the serious erosion of human rights since
the April 1992 decision to suspend constitutional rule.
Incidences of detention wihout trial, torture, and execution are
consistently being documented as well as numerous other violations
of human rights. Extrajudicial executions and torture are
persistently high. Unfair trials, the extension of the death
penalty, and the actions of clandestine armed opposition groups
are also mentioned in this report.
Romania: Continuing Violations of Human Rights
This report examines the human rights situation in Romania
following the election of the Democratic National Salvation Front
in 1992. It focuses on torture and ill-treatment of detainees,
the imprisonment and ill-treatment of individuals based on sexual
preference, unfair trials, and restrictions on freedom of speech.
Russian Federation: Overview of Recent Legal Changes
Since the failed coup of August 1991, and the subsequent breakup
of the former USSR, AI has welcomed Russia's continued
implementation of various legislative changes aimed at bringing
its laws into line with international standards. This paper
gives an overview of some of those changes which have made an
impact on current changes which have an impact on current human
rights concerns within AI's mandate.
Saudi Arabia: Religious Intolerance: The Arrest, Detention
and Torture of Christian Worshippers and Shi'a Muslims
Hundreds of men, women, and children have been arrested and
detained in Saudi Arabia since the Gulf Crisis in August 1990,
most without charge or trial, solely for the peaceful expression
of their religious beliefs. Scores have been subjected to torture,
flogging or other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment while in
Sierra Leone: The Extrajudicial Execution of Suspected Rebels
Human rights abuses by government forces and rebel forces
including torture, ill-treatment, and arbitrary killings.
Somalia: Update on Disaster -- Proposals for Human Rights
This report reviews the progress made in tackling the human
rights disaster in Somalia, which provoked an unprecedented
response on an international level. It sets out AI's proposals
for long-term protection of basic human rights.
South Africa: Torture, Ill-treatment, and Executions in
This report focuses on grave abuses of human rights of many South
Africans -- but abuses which took place outside South Africa and
for which the ANC, not the South African government, was directly
responsible. It documents a long-standing pattern of torture,
ill-treatment, and execution of prisoners by the ANC's security
department. It also details the reluctance of the ANC's leadership
as well as African frontline states to address these abuses.
Sri Lanka: An Assessment of Human Rights Situation
An AI delegation visited Sri Lanka in October 1992. It assessed
the government's implementation of the recommendations AI had
made a year earlier on human rights safeguards, and evaluated
the current human rights situation in both the northeast and the
south. This report summarizes their findings.
Sudan: The Ravages of War: Political Killings and Humanitarian
Nearly three million people are displaced from their homes in
Sudan. The vast majority have been displaced by the destruction
wrought by civil war. At the heart of the conflict is the gross
violation of human rights. This report examines "disappearances,"
extrajudicial executions, arbitrary detention, torture, and
Sudan: Patterns of Repression
Alarming reports of gross human rights violations continue to
emerge from Sudan. AI is especially disturbed by reports of mass
killings in the remote Nuba mountains where the government is engaged in
a military actions which appears to amount to "ethnic cleansing."
The most recent reports, as yet unconfirmed, claim that hundreds
of civilians have been extrajudicially executed in the Nuba
Mountains in late 1992 and early 1993.
Tadzhikistan: Compilation Document
In the remote former Soviet republic of Tadzhikistan a human
rights tragedy has been taking place almost out of sight
of the rest of the world. Since factional violence erupted in May
1992, armed conflict between forces divided up along both
political and regional lines has left up to 20,000 people dead
and has displaced over 600,000 people. Human rights abuses by the
parties involved have been alleged throughout the period of armed
Tunisia: Rhetoric vs. Reality -- the Failure of a Human
Over the past three years, thousands of suspected political
opponents have been subjected to arbitrary arrest, held in
illegally prolonged detention; tortured or ill-treated; and
imprisoned after unfair trials. AI is calling on the Tunisian
government to take immediate concrete steps to end systematic
perpetration of human rights violations over the last
Tunisia: Heavy Sentences after Unfair Trials
Two hundred and sixty-five supporters of the al-Nahda Islamic
organization were sentenced in August 1992 to prison terms ranging
from one year to life following two unfair trials in military
courts in Tunisia. In this report, AI describes how international
fair trial standards were breached and calls for retrials
according to acceptable international standards.
Turkey: Walls of Glass
Successive Turkish governments have been profuse in their public
statements and gestures which have been aimed at deflecting
international criticism with respect to human rights abuses.
However, little has been done to actually stop the practice in
Turkish jails and prisons. People are still being tortured or
ill-treated and allegations of extrajudicial executions continue
to rise. This report describes AI's most urgent concerns in
Uganda: The Failure to Safeguard Human Rights
Uganda was a devastated country when the National Resistance Army
took power in January 1986. The National Resistance Movement
promised to build a new Uganda with respect for human rights
central to its program. This report looks at the human rights
situation in Uganda and notes that there still is an enormous gap
between the promises and reality. The government must take
determined and urgent action to ensure that Uganda's horrific past
does not continue to dominate the country's future.
United Kingdom: Political Killings in Northern Ireland
Current human rights concerns arise against a background of more
than twenty years of civil conflict in Northern Ireland in which
more than 3400 people have been killed. In this report, AI
expresses its concerns with respect to killings by members of
security forces, killings by paramilitary forces carried out with
the acquiescence, collusion, or complicity of the security forces,
and deliberate and arbitrary killings by armed political groups.
The organization urges all entities involved in Northern Ireland
to take steps assuring their members do not torture, kill
prisoners or civilians, and do not take hostages.
United Kingdom: Northern Ireland: the Right to Silence
Unlike in other jurisdictions in the United Kingdom, people in
Northern Ireland who exercise their right to remain silent during
police questioning or during trial risk having inferences of guilt
drawn against them under the Criminal evidence (Northern Ireland)
Order 1988. AI considers this law to be inconsistent with
international standards to which the United Kingdom is a party and
suggests ways to remedy this problem.
United States: Open Letter to the President on the
AI is calling on the President of the USA to establish a
Presidential Commission to examine and report on all aspects
of the use of the death penalty in the USA today. AI is concerned
at the increasing use of the death penalty by individual states
and by moves to reintroduce the death penalty in federal law and
restrict state prisoners' access to federal appeals court.
United States: Failure to Protect Haitian Refugees
Tens of thousands of Haitians have fled Haiti since October,
1992, when a violent military coup which ousted the elected
President, Jean-Bertrand Aristide, was followed by a massive and
widespread repression by military forces. The U.S. government has
adopted various measures in response to the mass exodus of
Haitian citizens, but throughout has shown a steadfast refusal to
honor international legal obligations to protect these refugees.
United States: Human Rights and U.S. Security Assistance
This guide reviews the human rights records of countries
receiving significant amounts of U.S. security assistance. It
also provides a summary of AI's recommendations for improving
human rights in each country, giving U.S. policy
makers the needed information to direct U.S. assistance in ways
that promote human rights.
United States: Human Rights and American Indians
This report describes a number of cases of concern involving
Native Americans in the U.S. They include Indians under
sentence of death; allegations of ill-treatment of prisoners; an
imprisoned Native American activist, Leonard Peltier, and the
murder in disturbing circumstances of an Indian lawyer, Julian
The Eclipse of Human Rights
Venezuela stands out in Latin America as one of the few countries
which has been ruled by democratically elected civilian
government without interruption for over 35 years. What is less
well known is the extent to which the human rights of an
increasing number of its 20 million citizens have been
persistently and seriously violated over the years. This report
focuses on the human rights situation in Venezuela based on
recent fact-finding missions.
Zaire: Collapsing under Crisis
President Mobutu and his supporters continue to ignore appeals by
AI and other human rights to respect human rights. Moreover,
further human rights violations, including imprisonment, killing
and arbitrary detention of political opponents, and extrajudicial
executions continue unabated in Zaire. In this report, AI examines
these human rights issues and makes suggestions to remedy this
Zaire: Violence Against Democracy
Zaire is undergoing its worst human rights crisis since the end of
the civil war in the early 1960's. The ruthless brutality of
government security forces, the retrenchment of the promise of
reform, and the systematic imprisonment, torture and extrajudicial
execution of political opponents are areas of grave concern to AI.
HTML by Catherine Hampton (firstname.lastname@example.org)
Created on July 14, 1994 / Last edited on June 25, 1995